How do I Loosen or Tighten Bike Pedals?

You’ve decided to upgrade to some shiny, new, potentially bike-matched pedals, and you would like to tackle the intricate installation yourself.  Now you’re likely asking yourself something you may not admit to your cycling friends, “How do I loosen or tighten bike pedals?”  We can assure you that this will be easier than building Swedish furniture or attempting to install a new bottom bracket.  Prepare yourself for a few minutes of grease-filled fun and those new pedals will be ready to tackle the Alps (or the local 3-minute climb)!

Tools and Supplies

  • Pedal Wrench (15mm)
  • 6mm Allan wrench (some pedal models)
  • 8mm Allan wrench (some pedal models)
  • Grease for threads
Pedal threads are different on the left and right sides.  The right drive side pedal has a right-hand thread (removes counterclockwise, installs clockwise). The left, non-drive side pedal, has a left-hand thread (removes clockwise, installs counterclockwise). Many pedals are stamped “L” and “R” for left and right.
Popular mythology dictates that the Wright Brothers (arguably the inventors of the airplane. Unless you are un-American and believe that clearly, Richard Pearce was the first in flight) originated left-handed pedal threads to keep pedals from unscrewing while riding. It is a good practice to screw pedals in tightly after final fit adjustments. Pedal threads, like most component threads on a bicycle, should be lubricated lightly with grease.

DRIVE SIDE:

Tighten: Turn towards (over the top) the front wheel. Loosen: Turn towards (over the top) the back wheel.

NON-DRIVE SIDE:

Tighten: Turn towards (over the top) the front wheel. Loosen: Turn towards (over the top) the back wheel.

Tips and hints during installation or removal

  • Shift the chain to largest chainring to protect your knuckles against greasy abrasions, if the wrench were to accidentally slip.  This accident may or may not have happened to employees at BikeFit.
  • Try different wrench positions to gain a quality mechanical advantage between the wrench and crank arm. Pedals are often fastened very securely and can require some extra effort to remove. If possible, hold the opposite crank arm as another point of leverage.
  • Pour yourself an adult beverage of choice after completing the installation and removal.  Pre-pedal installation imbibing can result in potential injury, increased frustration, or futile questioning of the stalwart “lefty loosey, righty tighty.”

Bike Fitting vs. Bike Sizing

As a cyclist, it’s imperative to familiarize yourself with the differences between bike fitting and bike sizing.  These terms are used by bike shops and professional fitters for the following reasons:

  • New bike purchase
  • Pain or discomfort
  • Desire to increase power and efficiency

Often bike fitting and bike sizing become intertwined, but they are completely different.  With that said, fitting a road bicycle works best when you start with the right size bike or at a minimum, a bicycle that is close enough to your right size. As a result, both contribute to a comfortable, powerful and efficient ride.

Bike Sizing

Sizing a bicycle is not as complicated as you may have been led to believe, in part due to the reality that a good bike fit actually has little to do with the bicycle per se.  Yet, we will touch on that part more in the fitting section.

Bike sizing is the process of taking the measurements of an individual and applying those specific measurements to match a person to the correctly sized bike frame.  Depending on where you go to get measured (or if you are doing this at home), you may find that shops, fitters, or a multitude of websites provide you with numerous ways to discover the correct bike size.  One of the earliest methods was a formula applied by French Coach and former pro cyclist, Cyrille Guimard based on the inseam.  Greg Lemond later used and popularized this method of multiplying the inseam measurement by .883 to determine saddle height and frame size.

A similar methodology remains in use today by some bike shops who will measure your inseam and have you stand over a bicycle top tube to obtain the proper frame size.  If you use the ubiquitous Google search method, you’ll likely find a chart that suggests the best size for you based on a few measurements like you were purchasing a t-shirt or a hat (you are less likely to experience an injury from hat or t-shirt which is why bike fitting is vital).

Other sizing resources or formulas will use multiple measurements (see the image to the right) to match you with the perfect frame.  Considering the plethora of options with seat posts, stem lengths, riding positions and cycling disciplines, it’s vital that the shop or fitter ask you about what type of riding you’ll be doing to pick out the correct frame.  This goes without saying that this process should be completed in order to ascertain your frame size before fitting.

Bike sizing has also become much more elaborate than the early methods of formulas and measurements.  Some companies use specially designed tools to establish body measurements via a sizing cycle or a laser system.  Yet, even these advanced systems don’t always account for intricacies of the human body.  Renowned expert fitter, Happy Freedman, reminds us in his talks that the human spine compresses throughout the day.  Consequently, you may be a different height in the morning vs. the evening.

Finally, there are numerous body types in the world.  Bikes are beautiful and incredibly symmetrical; the human body is not.  Someone may have a short inseam and a long torso or vice versa.  Therefore a person who is 5’10” could ride a frame size ranging from 52 to 58 (S-XL depending on the brand), in theory.  These human differences need to be taken into account in a good sizing and fitting process.

Bike Fitting

Once you’ve completed the sizing process, fitting a bicycle comes down to the contact or connection points between the cyclist and their bicycle and adjusting those moving parts on the chosen bicycle. These five connection points (9 on a time trial or triathlon bike) are the right and left foot, the pelvis, and right and left hands.  Even if your bike is not the correct “size,” as long as you get the connection points in the ideal place, you can still achieve a good and comfortable bike fit.  That being said (as we mentioned previously), we do recommend starting some of the ideas above in the sizing section before fitting.

A proper bike fit has more to do with the saddle, handlebars, brake levers and hoods, stem and, most importantly, shoes, cleats, and pedals.

In our Road Bicycle Fitting article, we explain (in incredible detail) adjusting each one of these connection points: feet, pelvis, and hands.  If you are looking for more information on Bike Fitting vs. Bike Sizing, Coach Rich Schultz posted an excellent article.

Summary: Bike Fitting vs. Bike Sizing

Although we mentioned earlier that these two processes are completely different, bike sizing and bike fitting are both crucial aspects of cycling comfort.  First, start with sizing and then move to fitting.  Below is a quick reference chart describing both.

The art of determining the most appropriate size frame for the cyclist:

  • sizing machine
  • tape measure
  • stand-over and height
  • compare to their old bicycle

The art and science of adjusting the moveable parts of a bicycle to fit the individual needs of the cyclist:

  • feet
  • seat
  • hands

Why do I have bike saddle wear on one side?

Hi BikeFit,

I’ve noticed that my bike saddle is worn only on one side.  I found some information on web talking about a leg length issue or how I sit on the saddle being the source of the problem.  What do you think?

-Gene

Hi Gene,

We’ve received this question from numerous riders and would be happy to shed some light on the situation.  In regards to what you found on the web, finding a saddle is extremely important and a difficult part of achieving cycling comfort, but we’ve seen uneven wear on a variety of saddle types.  It’s possible for a rider to favor one side over the other and unfortunately they’ve potentially acclimated to an off-center position.  This is where we strongly recommend that you visit with a professional bike fitter or BikeFit Pro in order to analyze your riding style and get a full bike fitting.

Are your legs different lengths?

Regarding the potential leg length discrepancy, this could also be the culprit.  If you visited a professional fitter, they would hopefully ask the following questions to pinpoint if a leg length issue is an origin of the saddle wear.

1.) Do you have an x-ray or medical information diagnosing a leg length difference (considered by many as the Gold Standard, the STANDING AP Scanogram Full-Length X-ray used by clinicians is the most accurate way to diagnose a Leg Length issue)?

uneven saddle wear leg length pelvis x-ray

2.) Have you been told you have a leg length issue?

3.) Do you get saddle sores, but only on one side?

4.) Does the saddle show uneven wear (your original question) or even tilt lower to one side?

5.) Does one knee have more bend than the other when pedaling?

6.) Do you rock lower to one side than the other when pedaling (viewed from the rear)?

7.) Do you sit off-center or side-saddle?

8.) Is it obvious or observable (perhaps others have mentioned something to you)?

9.) Do you have lower back pain or discomfort on one side?

 

Even with all these questions from a fitter, we would recommend that a medical professional would be the best person to diagnose you with a leg length discrepancy.  If that is the diagnosis, leg length shims could be a possible remedy.  We do not recommend cleat stagger if you are looking for a quick fix.

Often, the problem starts with the foot/pedal interface

We’ve noticed that many riders are misaligned due to the inherent tilt in their feet.  Using a Cleat Wedge can help align the foot in its connection to the pedal and improve the alignment of the kinetic chain up the leg, through the knee, and up to the pelvis.

cycling knee collapse without wedges

The image on the left displays the knee collapsing inward as the foot is forced flat to meet the pedal.  This knee collapse causes the leg to push inward, which then rubs excessively against the saddle.  You likely also noticed that your cycling shorts may show significant wear on one side vs. the other.

The image on the right shows how cleat wedges improve alignment and in turn, reduce saddle wear on one side.  The reason it likely only occurs on one side is due to the asymmetric human body.  Most cyclists discover that one foot may need wedges, leg length shims or pedal spacers and the other may not.  There are also other great benefits to using cleat wedges when riding.  

Thank you for the excellent question.  Feel free to reach out to us with more.

-The BikeFit Team

How do I Find BikeFit Product Instructions?

bikefit product instructions

Are you looking for BikeFit Product Instructions?

Did you happen to lose them or would you like to find out how to best use our products?

Often, our customers search for the instructions for our products if they happened to misplace them or are looking for more information.  If you purchased Look Cleat Wedges, you’re in luck because the instructions are already printed on the package!

If you are looking for instructions for any other products, go to the specific BikeFit product page.  For example, let’s say that we are looking for the instructions for Hex+ 20mm Pedal Spacers.  Navigate to the Hex+ page (use the link in the last sentence) on the BikeFit website:

 Scroll down to the bottom of the “description” of the product.

Many of our products will also contain an “info” link as well to provide you with detailed product information, uses, application and how it can help you.  If you are unable to find more information, feel free to see our other blog posts or contact us!

Cycling Knee Pain? Stance Width may be the Culprit.

cycling knee pain
cycling knee pain

Do you feel knee pain when cycling? Do the images above look familiar?  Are your knees going outward when you pedal?  If not, you’ve likely noticed this when riding with others.   The origins lie in an under-discussed topic in cycling: stance width.

Stance width

Here’s a fun exercise to find out what we mean by “stance width.”

  • Stand up.
  • Take a few steps.
  • Stop and stand in a comfortable position with your legs side-by-side.

Look at your feet.  This is your natural stance width that your body selects when you are not clipped into the pedals.  Now, for fun, clip into your pedals on the bike and observe how your normal stance on your feet and your bike setup may be different.

We are not suggesting that you mimic the exact comfortable standing stance to your bike setup, but it does give you an idea of why many people experience discomfort on the bike.  When you performed the exercise above, you may have noticed that your feet are wider apart than on your bike or that your feet “toe out” to the side.

Clipping into a pedal may limit your natural position, but we promise you don’t have to quit cycling and sell your bike.

The knee followeth the foot

Going back to our illustrations above, when you clip into the pedal, the foot does not have a choice to move.  Consequently, the knee kicks out at the top of the pedal stroke (going where it wants to) and then, because it is attached to the foot, follows it inward at the bottom of the stroke.  After thousands of revolutions (a 2-hour ride could have 10,000 depending on how fast you pedal), you may develop some significant knee pain.

Solution #1 – Cleat in = foot out

knee pain move cleat

In the earlier days of cycling, the default was to tell the rider to bring their knees in to meet their feet.  Sadly, this may cause even more knee pain.  The best solution is to move your cleat in, which in turn, will move your foot out to meet your knee.  This simple change will help with your knee alignment and potentially alleviate cycling knee discomfort.

Solution #2 – Pedal Washers or Pedal Spacers

If you’ve already moved your cleats in completely but your knee continues to push outward, try adding 1.5mm washer (only use one) to the pedal spindle where it attaches to the crank arm.

knee pain spacers

If you have a wider stance width (many riders do), you may require more lateral (foot out) adjustment.  20mm Pedal Spacers provide the extra length.  20mm spacers require a 15mm pedal wrench but we also provide Hex+ 20mm Pedal Spacers for pedals that install using a 5mm or 6mm hex key wrench.

knee pain pedal spacer

 

Results

Now that you’ve moved the foot outward, you likely increased your comfort, alleviated pain, and aligned your feet to your knees.  Your pedal stroke should look more like the image below:

knee pain alignment

Eurika! You’ve maximized your ability to apply power to the pedals and now can ride off into the sunset (without having to ice your knees or visit an orthopedist when you arrive home).  Remember that bikes are symmetrical and people are not.  Take this into account and assure that you and your normal, asymmetrical human parts are customized to fit your bicycle.

 

Which Type of Cleat Wedges Work with Your Bicycle Cleats?

Most cycling shoes are designed to work with clipless pedals and feature holes drilled in the soles for attaching cleats. The bicycle cleat engages with the pedals to create a secure connection. Cleats are supplied with your pedals, and they should match the type of cycling shoes, whether road-specific or off-road/multi-use-specific.

bicycle cleats

Some cycling shoes are drilled to accept both 3- and 2-hole bicycle cleat designs, but most will accept only one or the other. Shoes made for use with 2-hole systems cannot be modified to use a 3-hole cleat. The 4-hole Speedplay® pedal system can be adapted to fit 3-hole shoe styles.  There are a few shoe brands/specific models drilled with 4-hole Speedplay-specific bolt pattern.

What’s the difference in functionality?

The 2-hole system is commonly known as the SPD system (SPD = Shimano ® Pedaling Dynamics). The 2-hole system can be used for all types of riding, including road cycling, mountain biking, touring and commuting. When paired with some shoes, the recessed cleat design allows easier walking. Most off-road racing, where a mud shedding cleat design offers an advantage, is where a small two-hole cleat is popular.  There is a road-specific version known as “SPD-SL” (3-hole bolt pattern).  Get SPD Cleat Wedges.

SPD Wedges Bicycle Cleats

 

The 3-hole system is also known as the Look-style system (for the pioneering manufacturer/brand, Look Cycles). The 3-hole system is most often used for road cycling because it offers a stable platform for energy transfer while riding. The soles of many performance oriented shoes are often made more for riding than walking with stiff soles and little tread.  The larger cleat design incorporates a three-fastener connection, which is much more secure connection than with two fasteners like the ones found with the 2-hole type. Popular brand names of 3-hole bicycle cleats are; Look ®, Shimano SL, Time ® Road and others.  Get Look Cleat Wedges.

 

Look Wedges Bicycle Cleats

The 4-hole system is associated with the Speedplay® pedal/brand.  Speedplay design has the clasping mechanism on the cleat, rather than on the pedal, like with SPD and Look systems.  In this system, the shoes are made more for riding than walking.  The system with a four-fastener connection, generally offers more adjustability options in the foot/pedal connection, often making it a favorite of bike fitters.  We offer these in both the Walkable™ style (shown below) and regular road cleat style.

Speedplay Wedges Bicycle cleats

cleat wedges

Please feel to e-mail us with any questions regarding how your pedal/cleats fit with your wedges.  Contact us!

In The Shoe Wedges or Cleat Wedges?

In The Shoe Wedges

As long as you are talking about BikeFit branded wedges, this is not one wedge against another. Both of the wedge styles offered from BikeFit work extremely well. Each wedge, however, has its place.  In most cases, it’s preferential to use the Cleat Wedge.

When to Use In-the-Shoe Wedges

1.) Cleats not compatible with Cleat Wedges

In the Shoe

 

The In The Shoe (ITS) Wedge often is a “fill in” product for types of cleats that are not compatible with Cleat Wedges like Crank Brothers. However,  Crank Brothers provide a shoe shield (seen on the left) where you can use Cleat Wedges with their cleats.

 

 2.) Hyper-Mobile Feet

A hypermobile foot would be a good place to use an ITS in combination with a Cleat Wedge. This type of foot needs more support. A more rigid foot tends to be more responsive with less wedging and the Cleat Wedge is a better solution for most rigid feet.  This also may be a great option for those who have room in their shoe and would not be affected by the change in volume inherent with the addition of In The Shoe Wedges.

3.) Diagnostics

In-The-Shoe Wedges are also great for diagnostics. If you are looking to determine the effects of wedging on cycling mechanics, ITS Wedges provide the ability to make quick changes.  This also holds true if you are testing out comfort but do not want to take the time to remove your cleats, add cleat wedges, and realign (time saver).  We should mention that this is usually a temporary change.  Once the comfort or mechanics are confirmed, the first choice to correct your foot’s natural angle/tilt is almost always cleat wedges.

In The Shoe Wedges

4.) Fine Tuning

In-The-Shoe Wedges also offer a fine-tuning option for cyclists “in-between” wedge levels or it is tough to tell if 2 cleat wedges or 3 cleat wedges is the better solution. In other words, if 2 or 3 cleat wedges help correct your mechanics and reduce foot pain, try using 2 cleat wedges and add an ITS as the 3rd wedge. Go out on a ride and spend some with the ITS in the shoe and some time with it in your back pocket. Over a period of time, you will usually discover the preferred amount of cleat wedging.  For many cyclists, you may require more than 3 Cleat Wedges.  Since we do not recommend using more than 3, the ITS wedge provides the extra bit of tilt needed!

Does Cleat Stagger Remedy a Leg Length Discrepancy?

Cleat Stagger

What is Cleat Stagger?

When the cleat on one bike shoe is shifted forward and the other one positioned to the rear, rather than symmetrically aligned (see the photo above).

We tend to hear more about cleat stagger when it accompanies a comment suggesting that a particular anatomical leg length difference is located at the femur. With that information in mind, many fitters and cyclists consider staggering the cleats. Is this the right answer?

Things to Consider:

  1. How can you be sure the leg length difference is only in the femur?
  2. Are you sacrificing optimum cleat fore/aft position with cleat stagger?
  3. What other aspect(s) further up the chain is/are compromised by cleat stagger?  Are you sacrificing too much in order to avoid a simple solution?

We noticed that by addressing almost all leg length differences as a leg length discrepancy, you will most likely discover the best solution: a Leg Length Shim. This also tends to minimize other complications from the foot up that can possibly occur via cleat stagger.  Some of these sacrifices can include injury, pain, imbalance or loss of power.

Cleat Stagger

Find our for yourself!  Try both a cleat stagger and a Leg Length Shim separately.  In most cases, a bike fitter or BikeFit Pro will be able to observe better symmetry from the rear view.  For the individual, you will likely feel a distinct difference between the two.  Which one felt better? In our experience the preferred solution usually, if not always, includes the Leg Length Shim as the primary adjustment.  Some cyclists expressed that the cleat stagger drives them absolutely bonkers (medical expression).

Lastly, remember with all leg length issues, it is best to have a bike fitter or BikeFit Pro check your posture on multiple shaped saddles.   Some different saddle shapes mask the potential asymmetrical movements often associated with a leg length issue. Only by checking your posture on a few different saddles can you assure you have indeed addressed the difference as well as possible.

At BikeFit, only after installing the shim is staggering the cleat ever-so-slightly a consideration we make in order to fine-tune.  Even then, it is rare at best.

Why do I Have Foot Pain in my SIDI Bike Shoes?

Concern

“I have been indoor cycling (spinning1) for a year. I love it and do it 2 times a week sometimes 3 or more. Unfortunately, I’m experiencing problems with my SIDI bike shoes.  I love them but I noticed well into the class that I started to develop a pain/soreness etc. As a result, I placed insoles in my SIDI bike shoes and they didn’t provide relief. The soreness resides on the outer side of both my right and left foot–more on the fattier side of your foot aligned. I’m desperately looking for a solution.  If you could help me with some information I would really appreciate it. Thanks.”

Response

Many customers contact us complaining of discomfort or pain on the bottom, outermost part of their foot. The illustration on the left below shows the location of the MOST common “hot foot” or foot discomfort. This seems to hold true with the description mentioned in the question.

sidi bike shoes Foot Pressure Cleat Wedges

The illustration on the right displays even pressure across the entire ball of their foot. Cyclists often describe this as feeling better connected, more stable, even-feeling…etc.

There are 2 ways to look at your own feet and see why there is often more pressure toward the outside of the foot.

Manual Method 

With your knees on a chair, ask someone to hold a book or ruler across the balls of your feet. Are they angled up toward the inside?

Foot Tilt Pedal Wear sidi bike shoesPedal wear foot tilt sidi bike shoes

Foot Fit Calculator

Download the FREE Foot Fit Calculator at the Google Play Store.  The App will walk you through the process (you still need a friend to help) to measure your foot tilt.  Not only will it help you determine foot tilt, but it will also provide you with the solution to your foot pain!  This method is preferred to the manual measurement do to the ability to provide you with the number of cleat wedges you may need to alleviate foot pain.

sidi bike shoes foot fit calculator

sidi bike shoes google play

The Solution

BikeFit provides the solution for you called Cleat Wedges.  They accommodate for your foot’s natural position by creating an angle on your cycling cleat(s) where it connects to the pedal. The number of Cleat Wedges on one shoe in no way dictates the proper number of Cleat Wedges you’ll need on the other shoe.

Each Cleat Wedge contains one degree of slope (or angle) and can be stacked based on your needs (see below for an example of “stacking”).

sidi bike shoes cleat wedges sidi bike shoes wedges

You also mentioned the insoles you tried did not provide relief. That does not mean your insoles are bad but, insoles rarely (if ever) address the tilt of the foot as described above. Consequently, SIDI bike shoes are not the culprit.  Rather (from what you just learned), cyclists experience foot pain in most cycling shoes.

You can order Cleat Wedges by clicking the picture of wedges above or visit a BikeFit Pro or Dealer who carries them.

1Spinning is a registered trademark of Mad Dogg Athletics, Inc.

Speedplay Cleat Wear and How to Remedy the Problem

Speedplay Cleat Wear

Taking into account pedal and cleat wear is often an overlooked aspect by many cyclists and bike fitters.  In this article, we focus specifically on Speedplay cleat wear.

This information is static (will not be seen with motion capture or data capture during a bike fit). In other words, if your fitter only looks at dynamic (on the bike) data, they miss important information. Why? Although extremely important, dynamic fitting is just one aspect a fitter must consider.

The ultimate bike fit includes both dynamic AND static analysis (the cyclist and the bike or equipment) as well as consideration for how the cyclist feels. Keep in mind, how you feel is as actually more important than how you look on stick-figure printouts or a picture of you in a video.

Your Equipment Tells a Story

Take a look at your shoes. Turn them over and look inside the circle area of your Speedplay road cleat. MOST people notice uneven wear.

speedplay-wearSpeedplay Cleat Wear

 

Do not be surprised when you see this.  There is something you can do to alleviate the problem.

Next, look at the springs. Uneven wear inside the red circles is the norm–not the exception.

uneven-wear-speedplay2

Why? The foot is naturally tilted and it wants to stay that way even if the equipment initially forced it flat. As a result, equipment wears out uneven.

Let’s also look inside of your shoe. One of our most popular illustrations is the one on the below where people say they feel more pressure on the outside of the foot. Why?  The pedal and shoe are flat but the foot is tilted.

unever-wear-insole

The Uneven Wear Culprit

Is this Speedplay’s fault? Absolutely not. All pedals are flat and wear out unevenly. For example, unlike running, in cycling, you can only buy shoes that function one way. All cycling shoes function the same regardless of price or brand (there is one brand that purports to include added tilt to the shoe but all of the shoes within that brand function the same). In running, even within one brand, you purchase shoes for different body architecture (stability, support, neutral…etc). In cycling, you only buy shoes that are flat at the forefoot.  Consequently, you can now diagnose these problems, take a look at possible solutions, and connect with a BikeFit Pro to make your shoe/cleat fit the pedal properly.

Remember it is normal to see uneven wear, but normal does not necessarily mean right. It is also common to see the foot in a relaxed position hang with a tilt or angle to it.

First, you must flatten the foot or it won’t even clip into the pedal. We as cyclists learned to master this skill of leveling the foot to get into the pedal but we are hardly aware of it. Once clipped in, the foot tries to go back to its natural tilted position.  Hence, uneven pedal wear.

The Solution: Cleat Wedges

Knee on a chair and ask someone to hold a straight edge across the bottom of your feet. They will most likes look like the figure on the right.

Foot Tilt Pedal Wear forefoot-tilt-straight-edge

or Download the Free Foot Fit Calculator for Android and with the help of a friend, you’ll discover foot tilt and how many Cleat Wedges you need in minutes!

Speedplay Cleat Wear

If you are looking for more detail, a BikeFit Pro fitter measures foot tilt with the FFMD tools (physical or the BikeFit App for iPad) pictured below.

Foot Tilt speedplay pedal wear     FFMD speedplay pedal wear

Foot tilt is the number one reason for uneven pedal/cleat wear and for most foot discomfort in cycling. This is why we need wedges.

Here is a rear view of Speedplay cleat with 2 cleat wedges.

Speedplay Cleat Wedge Pedal Wear Speedplay Cleat wedge pedal wear

If you would like more information regarding wedges, see our page on wedging benefits.  We also reveal more information on the foot/pedal interface in another fitting article: How to Fit a Road Bicycle.

We have never seen a broken Speedplay spring from a cyclist that has a flat forefoot. However, a flat or neutral forefoot is rare, to say the least. This comment is not coming from Speedplay but it is absolutely our belief that the correct use of cleat wedges will prolong the life of your Speedplay cleat springs. Remember it is important to follow the manufacturer’s suggestion for upkeep and maintaining your equipment.

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